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in. Snakes provide great benefit to the ecosystem when they prey on unwanted pests and rodents. While they do not transmit any known diseases to humans, they're not the most welcomed animal in and around the home.
The centers for disease control estimate that 7, — 8, people are bitten by venomous snakes each year. Copperhe are responsible for more bites than any other venomous snake. Very few cases require anti-venom to neutralize the venom, but infants, the elderly, and people with compromised immune systems, are at greatest risk from complications. In this guide we will teach you seven easy ways to identify this snake, how to safely remove them and how to prevent them from getting in your yard. The biggest myth Looking to get out copperhead that juveniles cannot control their venom and therefore bite with a larger amount than adults.
This is false! Baby copperhe have smaller venom glands and therefore hold a smaller amount of venom. The second myth is that all venomous snakes have triangular he.
How to get rid of snakes
Pit vipers do have triangular he as this is necessary to accommodate their venom glands. However many nonvenomous snakes mimic this appearance by flattening their he and extending their jaws. Also, many snakes have perfectly narrow he but are venomous.
A good example is the Coral Snake. These tiny snakes are the 2nd deadliest in the world! Many baby copperhead snakes are born with a bright yellow or green tip to their tail.
This bright color is used to attract and lure prey to enter within striking distance. This helps babies find food and grow quickly. Normally after one year their tail will turn dark brown or in some cases even black. These snakes have a pale, pinkish-tan color and their he are a remarkable copper tone giving them their name.
Their markings are dark brown in color. The bands are thin over their spine and widen as they approach the sides of the belly. When observed from above, this pattern looks like dark hourglasses. Pit vipers have a pair of heat sensors either side of their face between the eye and nostril. Snake eyesight is notoriously poor. Without these glands finding prey by motion alone would be very difficult. Heat sensing allows them to see the world in infrared.
Pits are obvious in close-up pictures, however, you will need to get very close to a baby copperhead to be able to see its pits.
How to get rid of copperhe
The pupils are slitted vertically, unlike the round pupils of nonvenomous snakes. Keeled scales are raised scales that give snakes a rough texture. The scales have a ridge down the center that create a raised triangle shape. Unless you have had proper training for handling venomous snakes it is not recommended to attempt handling. Baby copperhe are typically 7 — 10 inches long and adults reach 24 — 36 inches.
Babies are thin for the first three months. However, after a steady food source is found, they quickly grow to and have a thick body. A copperhead at 24 inches may be as thick as the circle formed when touching your pointer finger and thumb together. This last identification method is best left to experts because it is extremely hard and never recommended to flip a potentially dangerous snake over and examine its tail. Scutes are the long, straight scales that line the bellies of snakes and help with locomotion.
Why you should let a copperhead live in your yard: debunking snake myths
In venomous snakes, there are single, elongated scales past the vent. The United States has over species of snakes. Many are often confused for copperhe because they look similar. The most common lookalikes are:. If it is near the edge of your yard, it will likely slither away on its own without intervention. So observe or walk away. This is the safest and least harmful Looking to get out copperhead to handle the snake. To use a hook, gently take the pointed end and slide it underneath the middle of the baby copperhead. They are known to be fickle on hooks, so it may help to gently vibrate the hook to make them want to hold on.
A grab stick works the same way a trash grabber works, it just has a more snake-friendly clamp.
7 ways to identify, prevent & remove baby copperhead snakes
The handle has a trigger that is connected to a pulley that closes the clamp. Do not grab the neck or tail region with either a hook or clamp! Handling a snake in these areas can cause damage to the spine or neck, permanently injure or even kill. If you are surprised to find a baby copperhead in your yard, and do not have a hook or grab stick, there are alternative tools you can use.
One option is to use a shovel to scoop the snake up and place it in a bucket. This gives you plenty of space to create a safe zone around the snake. If the snake keeps slithering off before you can get it into a bucket, you can try using the shovel to gently push the snake into an overturned bucket. Using the shovel push the bucket right-side up to trap the snake inside. You can also sweep the snake into a bucket if it is on a smooth surface. Again, the key is to create a 3 foot safe zone between yourself and the snake.
Identifying copperhead snakes
Recognizing these s can tell you when the snake is likely to bite or needs a moment to calm down:. If you notice the snake showing any of these behaviors they are likely to bite. Step back and give the snake time to calm down before trying to capture again.
Snakes prefer to be hidden. The most important factor in preventing them from entering your yard is the grass. A regularly mowed lawn will deter most snakes from wanting to travel across it. If you happen to step on a traveling venomous snake it is likely to ruin your day. People who repeatedly find snakes in their yards typically have accidentally given them housing by allowing their grass to grow. If you feel like you still see too many snakes after using these methods, then you can use physical deterrents. Never use Looking to get out copperhead traps as they are normally unsuccessful and the crushing mechanism can severely injure the snake.
These contraptions are inhumane and are not recommended. Bites from copperhe are not fatal, but they are painful. They can take weeks to heal and sometimes require expensive anti-venom treatment. Knowing how to identify this species will help you understand when to act. If you identify a snake as a baby copperhead, remember to keep your three feet safe zone!
When attempting to remove them make sure to use safe methods and tools such as hooks, grab sticks, or shovels. Be gentle and realize that the snake is just as stressed as you are. Slow movements will help them stay calm. Lastly, you should prevent them from nesting in your yard by keeping a well maintained lawn, removing clutter and filling in holes. Looking to get out copperhead you feel like you can successfully identify this snake?
Are you prepared to safely remove them?
They are easily identified by their vivid red tail markings. Mexican Black Kingsnakes are common nonvenomous snakes found in North America. They are part of the Eastern Chain Kingsnake. A family of snakes well known for their ability to resist venom and eat venomous snakes. Snakes are unique and interesting animals.